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"Herm of the so-called Sophokles (497-406 BC)" (see related A | B | C | D), BC Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Tuscany, Italy

One of the "great" and "greatest" - Sophokles left us immortal tragic plays - he was preceded by Aeschylus and was nearly a contemporary of Euripides. Among his at least 120 plays, an outstanding and best known group includes Oedipus Rex, Electra, Oedipus at Colonus and Antigone. At the time, he was more popular than Aeschylus or Euripides.  

From the perspective of Medicine - Sophocles set an altar for Ascelpius (Aesculapius or Esculapius) in his house, an action that enhanced the introduction of this hero to Athenias (Esculapius was probably "imported" from Egypt where Imhotep (see related image) was like Aesculapius, a mortal who built the first pyramid and a pioneer of scientific Medicine - like Esculapius, he was "deified" centuries after his death. 

(from the Museum label) - "The head, characterized by a curious contrast between the free disposition of hair and the symmetric disposition of the beard, finds a comparison in a portrait in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptothek in Copenhagen, from time to time identified with Pindarus Thales or Solon. The portrait type, who repeats the iconographic model of the bearded intellectual, probably derives from a model of the IV c. BC."