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Medical Terminology and Clinical Eye Openers (CEO)

Ideonomy - Ideas Inherent in Words

Humanities - Sciences - Healing Arts

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The terms shown below populate CEO presentations. Notions, Ideonomy in brief, inherent in Medical Parlance are shown below. Fuller definitions may be found across this website (use the search funtions). Entries are ongoing thus this page is under permanent construction. 

~ Acro; Greek for distal as in acro-x,y,z 
~ Acrodysplasia; abnormalities of distal structures
~ Acromegaly; enlarged distal structures 
Adipose; fatty, aleipha in Greek, olyj or oil in Ukr
Ala nasi; lateral area (wing) of the nostril 
~ Alopecia; lack of hair, see trichosis 
~ Anamnesis; patient"s recall of symptoms, signs and circumstances 
~ Anophthalmia: see microphthalmia
Antenna; detector of signals generally invisible and generally by touch
~ Antepartum; preferred term inclusive of teratothanasia, ultrasound imaging, stillbirth, etc.
~ Apathetic, apathy; lacking “pathos” or emotion
~ Apathy; lacking (see) “pathos” or spirit (emotion) 
~ Audio; sound as in audible, audience ... 
~ Auricle; external ear, ear lobe 
~ Birth defect; flawed political popular term for congenital anomaly 
~ Caviat; be aware, to note 
~ Collagen; extracellular "glue" protein, see colloid 
~ Colloid; a gel like substance glue-like
~ Credo; belief 
~ Cross-bread; preferred term for intra-cohort breading instead of in-breading
~ Cutis; skin 
~ Cutis marmorata: pink marble like skin implying mottled skin 
~ Cyclopia; fused eyes (not a failure of "splitting") 
~ Deformation; external causes of anomalies, dys-morphism
~ Diagnosis; synthesis of significant signs and notions of pathogenesis and etiology to sustain a hypothetical category of illness
~ Disease; mental or physical instability, away from homeostasis 
~ Dis; or dys for “rupture” of a process, see more in dys 
~ Disruption; implies external negative impact
~ Dorsal; often used to denote "supra" (during embryogenesis the occiput may be included in dorsal)
~ Dys; or dis as in disease, root for "anomaly" or ab-normal, note also “dis” 
~ Dysmorphology; study of disproportions, anomalies 
~ Dysplasia; altered tissue formation 
~ Dysruption: see disruption for rupture of a developing process 
~ Ectoderm; ecto implies external
Edema; from “oid” for “to swell” in Greek
Emaciate; “macer” in Latin for thin, lost flesh
~ Epi; above as in epi-x,y,z 
~ Epidemidermis; skin (above the "flesh") 
~ Epicanthus; epi - canthus - above the (ocular inner) angle 
~ Etiology; true cause, see Etios 
~ Etios; Greek for spirit pointing to "true" 
~ Eso; Greek for "inward" as in esotropia 
~ Esotropia; inward or convergent strabismus or squint 
~ Ethics; see "ethos"
Ethos (soul), ethnic; natural of a group 
~ Exo; Greek for "out" as in exotic, exotropia 
~ Exotropia; outward or divergent strabismus 
Face, facade; front, communication organ/devise 
Facies; a face that “speaks”, conveys a meaning 
~ Gene, genius, generator; messenger
~ Gyneco-mastia; developed female breast in a male 
~ Hirsutims; excess of hair 
~ Homeostasis; health, stability 
~ Hyper; prefix for excess, see hyper-x,y,z 
~ Hypertelorism; increased inter-ocular distance, see telorism 
~ Hypertrichosis; hirsutism or excess of hair, see trichosis 
~ Hypotelorism; decreased inter-ocular distance, see telorism 
~ Hypotrichosis; sparse hair, see tricosis, alopecia 
~ Implication; plica (fold), “folded in” 
~ IMV; informative morphogenic variant 
~ Lipid; are waxes, fats, sterols, viatmins glycerides 
~ Macro; big, large as in macro-x,y,z 
~ Macrocephaly; large head 
~ Macrognathia; generally referred to as prognatism 
~ Malar; cheek bone or zygoma, see zygote
~ Maxillar; vernacular for jaw, cheek bone or malar from Latin "mala" 
~ Micro; small as in micro-x,y,z 
~ Microcephaly; reduced head size by 2 or more standard deviations  
~ Micrognathia; reduced size mandible or chin 
~ Microphthalmia - implies existence of an under-developed and immature ocular globe
~ Monozygotic; origin from one single zygote
~ Morphology; shape, proportions  
~ Mutagen; agent that alters genetic codes, heritable or not 
~ Neuroblast; blast implies source of cells 
~ Neurofibromatosis; a systemic multi-tissue defect due to a single autosomal gene mutation 
~ Nomenclature; clue given by a name 
~ Norm; feature observed in the majority (95%) of subjects 
~ Normal, norm; prevalent, optimal 
~ Nosology; study of the natural (sponatenous) course of a "disease" 
~ Nostril; nares, nasal external opening
~ Organ, organism; inter-dependent parts
~ Parlance; professional jargon 
~ Pathos; implies development of a "sense" or "feeling"
~ Pathogenesis; in Medicine, mechanism generating an anomaly 
~ Pectus; shield,  sternum, see pectus-carinatum/excavatum 
~ Pectus carinatum; keel, ridged sternum 
~ Pectus excavatum: cavity, trench, sunken sternum  
~ Philtrum; concavity (fosa) under the nose
~ Phocomelia: foca (seal), melia (limbs)
~ Phrenia; mind, as in oligophrenia
~ Phrenology; study of the mind 
~ Physiognomy:  study of facial signals
~ Piggery; enterprise of breading swine (often a resource for Teratology investigations) 
~ Primacy; most important 
~ Proboscis; tube like nose or snout 
~ Prognathism; prominent jaw or macrognathia 
~ Prolabium; central part of the upper lip
~ Ptosis; fallen
~ Rhino; root for words referring to nose
~ Rudiment; preferred term to underdeveloped, etc.
~ Schisis; cut, separation, division
~ Sign; perception, feature
~ Signal; significance of a sign 
~ Simian crease; single transverse palmar flexion crease 
~ Squint; strabismus - in medical parlance deviated eye/eyes 
~ Strabismus; or heterotopia, deviated eye or eyes, see esotropia  
~ Sydney crease; proximal palmar flexion crease reaching the ulnar border 
~ Syndrome; concurrent characteristic signs 
~ Syn; root for together, joined, confluent as in symphony
~ Syndrome; consistently concurrent signs and symptoms 
~ Synophris; convergent eyebrows 
~ Telorism; distance between paired structures, see hyper-telorism 
~ Teratogen; any environmental cause of developmental anomalies
~ Teratology; discipline concerned with teratogens (see above) 
~ Trichosis; pertaining hair, see hypo-hyper, alopecia 
~ Trisomy; three bodies, here denotes a chronmosome in triplicate 
~ Variant; "different", rare but within the 95% considered as "normal" 
Vermillion; red color, in medicine visible mucosa of lips
~ Zygote, zygoma: yoked, sperm-egg united

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