MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY NOMENCLATURE VOCABULARY
ROOTS ETYMOLOGY IDEOLOGY
Mythology Legends History Humanities Fine Arts Ethics
Related Topics
Homo sapiens  differs most from other primates because it searches for "cures" and grasp the nature of nature. Notions in words like life, death, wellness, or love incorporate timeless universal notions that arise from mythic emblems, icons, legends, ballads, and lullabies and like an Egyptian cartouche, convey reality to the abstract. While etymology seeks to uncover linguistic roots of words, ideonomy seeks to illuminate the ideas implicit in a word. The "idea in idea" is "what is on you mind" and this reflects who you are.   

Pandora Word Box is a repository of "ideas" conveyed by words and works of art in a Medical perspective. 

Below is a short Medical Terminology emphasized in the domain of Clinical Genetics and Teratology. The definitions are informal and short. Expanded vistas are found by searching this website for "word", "overviews", "fine art images", or "Aphorisms".   

~ Acro; Greek for distal as in acro-x,y,z 
~ Acrodysplasia; abnormalities of distal structures
~ Acromegaly; enlarged distal structures 
Adipose; fatty, aleipha in Greek, olyj or oil in Ukr
Ala nasi; lateral area (wing) of the nostril 
~ Allele; alternative form of a gene
~ Alopecia; lack of hair, see trichosis 
~ Anamnesis; patient"s recall of symptoms, signs and circumstances 
~ Aneurysm; segmental dilatation of an artery, vein or other tubular structures due to flaws of its walls
~ Angioma; vascular tumor (general term - see hemangiona etc.- see ecatsia)
~ Anophthalmia: see microphthalmia
Antenna; detector of signals generally invisible and generally by touch
~ Antepartum; preferred term inclusive of teratothanasia, ultrasound imaging, stillbirth, etc.
~ Apathetic, apathy; lacking “pathos” or emotion
~ Apathy; lacking (see) “pathos” or spirit (emotion) 
~ Audio; sound as in audible, audience ... 
~ Auricle; external ear, ear lobe 
~ Autosomal; loci or genes located on autosomal chromosomes thus neither on the X nor Y chromosomes
~ Birth defect; flawed political popular term for congenital anomaly 
~ Caviat; be aware, to note 
~ Collagen; extracellular "glue" protein, see colloid 
~ Colloid; a gel like substance glue-like
~ Credo; belief 
~ Cross-bread; preferred term for intra-cohort breading instead of in-breading
~ Cutis; skin 
~ Cutis marmorata: pink marble like skin implying mottled skin 
~ Cyclopia; fused eyes (not a failure of "splitting") 
~ Deformation; external causes of anomalies, dys-morphism
~ Diagnosis; hypothetical label - synthesis of (objective) signs/natural history with (hypothetical) pathogenesis/etiology
~ Disease; mental or physical instability, away from homeostasis 
~ Dis; or dys for “rupture” of a process, see more in dys 
~ Disruption; implies external negative impact 
~ Dominant; implies pathology due to the presence of one thus single mutated pathogenic allele
~ Dorsal; often used to denote "supra" (during embryogenesis the occiput may be included in dorsal)
~ Dys; or dis as in disease, root for "anomaly" or ab-normal, note also “dis” 
~ Dysmorphology; study of disproportions, anomalies 
~ Dysplasia; altered tissue formation - normal cells but disorganized - e.g. hamartoma, e.g. polyp, nevus, neurofibroma 
~ Dysruption; see disruption for rupture of a developing process 
~ Ectasia; implies distension - dilatation related to altered "flow" in a tubular structure in contrast to aneurysm due to flaws in walls
~ Ectoderm; ecto implies external
Edema; from “oid” for “to swell” in Greek
Emaciate; “macer” in Latin for thin, lost flesh
~ Epi; above as in epi-x,y,z 
~ Epidemidermis; skin (above the "flesh") 
~ Epicanthus; epi - canthus - above the (ocular inner) angle 
~ Etiology; true cause, see Etios 
~ Etios; Greek for spirit pointing to "true" 
~ Eso; Greek for "inward" as in esotropia 
~ Esotropia; inward or convergent strabismus or squint 
~ Ethics; see "ethos"
Ethos (soul), ethnic; natural of a group 
~ Exo; Greek for "out" as in exotic, exotropia 
~ Exotropia; outward or divergent strabismus 
Face, facade; front, communication organ/devise 
Facies; a face that “speaks”, conveys a meaning 
~ Facoma; see facomatosis 
~ Facomatosis; see phacomatosis  
~ Gene, genius, generator; messenger
~ Gyneco-mastia; developed female breast in a male 
~ Hamartoma; circumscribed areas of dysplastic tissues (facomas or phacomas) prone to uncontrolled growth and malignant changes 
~ Hamartomatosis; systemic multiple, generally congenital, bening neoplasias, often pre-malilgnant, e.g. multiple neurfibromatosis 
~ Hamartosis; see Hamartomatosis 
~ Hemangiona; vascular tumor (general term akin to angioma, see ectasia) 
~ Hirsutims; excess of hair 
~ Homeostasis; health, stability 
~ Hyper; prefix for excess, see hyper-x,y,z 
~ Hyperplasia; enlargement on the basis of more numerous cells
~ Hypertelorism; increased inter-ocular distance, see telorism 
~ Hypertrichosis; hirsutism or excess of hair, see trichosis 
~ Hypertrophy; enlargement including of cells 
~ Hypotelorism; decreased inter-ocular distance, see telorism 
~ Hypotrichosis; sparse hair, see tricosis, alopecia 
~ Implication; plica (fold), “folded in” 
~ IMV; informative morphogenic variant 
~ Lipid; a wax, fat, sterol, viatmin, glyceride 
~ Locus;position on a chromosome 
~ Macro; big, large as in macro-x,y,z 
~ Macrocephaly; large head 
~ Macrognathia; generally referred to as prognatism 
~ Malar; cheek bone or zygoma, see zygote
~ Maxillar; vernacular for jaw, cheek bone or malar from Latin "mala" 
~ Micro; small as in micro-x,y,z 
~ Microcephaly; reduced head size by 2 or more standard deviations  
~ Micrognathia; reduced size mandible or chin 
~ Microphthalmia - implies existence of an under-developed and immature ocular globe
~ Monozygotic; origin from one single zygote
~ Morphology; shape, proportions  
~ Mutagen; agent that alters genetic codes, heritable or not 
~ Neuroblast; blast implies source of cells 
~ Neurofibromatosis; a systemic multi-tissue defect due to a single autosomal gene mutation 
~ Nomenclature; clue given by a name 
~ Norm; feature observed in the majority (95%) of subjects 
~ Normal, norm; prevalent, optimal 
~ Nosology; study of the natural (sponatenous) course of a "disease" 
~ Oncogene; gene increasing carcinogenesis risk 
~ Nostril; nares, nasal external opening
~ Organ, organism; inter-dependent parts
~ Parlance; professional jargon 
~ Pathos; implies development of a "sense" or "feeling"
~ Pathogenesis; in Medicine, mechanism generating an anomaly 
~ Pectus; shield,  sternum, see pectus-carinatum/excavatum 
~ Pectus carinatum; keel, ridged sternum 
~ Pectus excavatum: cavity, trench, sunken sternum
~ Penetrance; proportion of individuals expressing an inherited gene 
~ Phacomatosis; mostly neuro-cutanteous and/or vascular reflecting neoplastic growth of hamartomatous tissues (see hamartoma) 
~ Philtrum; concavity (fosa) under the nose
~ Phocomelia; foca (seal), melia (limbs)
~ Phrenia; mind, as in oligophrenia
~ Phrenology; study of the mind 
~ Physiognomy;  study of facial signals
~ Piggery; enterprise of breading swine (often a resource for Teratology investigations) 
~ Plastos; element in dysplasia, metaplasia, aplasia, ... in Greek - implies "molding" as in "shaping" thus proportions, organization ...  
~ Pleotropism; plethora (multiplicity) of signs caused by a gene mutation 
~ Primacy; most important 
~ Proboscis; tube like nose or snout 
~ Prognathism; prominent jaw or macrognathia 
~ Prolabium; central part of the upper lip
~ Ptosis; fallen 
~ Recessive: implies impacts of both alleles (see alternative in "dominant");
~ Rhino; root for words referring to nose
~ Rudiment; preferred term to underdeveloped, etc.
~ Schisis; cut, separation, division
~ Sign; perception, feature
~ Signal; significance of a sign 
~ Simian crease; single transverse palmar flexion crease 
~ Squint; strabismus - in medical parlance deviated eye/eyes 
~ Strabismus; or heterotopia, deviated eye or eyes, see esotropia  
~ Sydney crease; proximal palmar flexion crease reaching the ulnar border 
~ Syndrome; concurrent characteristic signs 
~ Syn; root for together, joined, confluent as in symphony
~ Syndrome; consistently concurrent signs and symptoms 
~ Synophris; convergent eyebrows  
~ Telorism; distance between paired structures, see hyper-telorism 
~ Teratogen; any environmental cause of developmental anomalies
~ Teratology; discipline concerned with teratogens (see above) 
~ Thelarche: onset of postnatal breast (mammary) development usually at puberty (in Greek thele is nipple)
~ Trichosis; pertaining hair, see hypo-hyper, alopecia 
~ Trisomy; three bodies, here denotes a chronmosome in triplicate 
~ Variant; "different", rare but within the 95% considered as "normal" 
Vermillion; red color, in medicine visible mucosa of lips 
~ X-linked; implies loci on the X chromosome 
~ Y-linked; implies loci on the Y chromosome
~ Zygote, zygoma: yoked, sperm-egg conjugated 



20170315 ww