NOSE, in Latin is naso or beak, bow, bill, peak, or snout. The Greek root for nose is RHIN from RHYNCOS found in RHINitis, RHINoplasty, and RHINoceros. Pointed objects also may have a NOSE, NOZZLE or MUZZLE and in the case of the front of ships a BOW, PROW or ROSTER ROSTRAL FACE or ROSTRUM.
Nose shapes are captivating as illustrated by elements in mythology, poetry, biology and medicine. In classic mythology, Pandora, Venus, Psyche and other beauties most often are endowed with a very straight or "Greek" nose while negative characters like Nicothoe, one of the harpies, are endowed with an aquiline or "eagle" or griffin like nose. GRIFFIN points to GRAPHically GRASP and other links such as in Spanish "GRIFo" (spout or faucet) and FAUCE (for throat) as if the human throat or gullet is like a faucet or muzzle.
The nose stands out from the surFACE of the FACE and lends much of its character. Noses confer the ROSTer of faces or FAZ or ROSTRO (Spanish for face) of ethnic groups an interesting uniqueness. In some races, lips are more prominent than noses.
To "show face" or ROSTRO in Spanish, may imply courage. In Rome, citizens showed their ROSTRO by delivering speeches standing on elevated platforms known as ROSTRA. The Augustan ROSTRA was decorated by the ROSTRA or BOWS or BEAKS of captured ships from Cleopatra and Mark Anthony.
Many noses of members of the Habsburg dynasty, illustrate the effect of an autosomal (soma stands for general body structures) dominant (trait from one parent) gene (unit of DNA heritable information) causing characteristic facial features, mainly an exaggerated growth of the nose and jaw (mandible). In a political sense, the Habsburg dynasty was also "nosy" because they meddled in the affairs of others. Another example of a long nose is found in the wonderful tale about Pinocchio.
The medical specialty OTORHYNOLARYNGOLOGY or ENT (for ear nose and throat) emerged after Aetius of Amida or Antiochenus (502-575).
The Sanskrit root SNAUTY implies "to drip" and points to SNOUT and SNORE, thus also toward SNOT, SNORT, SNOOZE, snow, snob, snub, snuff, snug.
Nose bleeding or EPISTAXIS and "running" noses or RHINITIS or RHINORRHEA (rhein for flow) are landmark childhood problems. Obstructed noses are also more common in those with Down Syndrome. On the other hand, SNORING or SNOTRING and RHINOPHYMA (phyma for growth) or ROSACEA are more common in older people.