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CURRENT
Furfur Furfura Furfuraceous FURFURACEOS CRETIN
~ FURFUR        id+ | BRAN LIKE SCALES or FLAKES | 
~ FURFURA       id+ | in med> SKIN DESQUAMATION | 
~ FURFURACEOUS  id+ | COVERED WITH FLAKY SCALES | 
~ FURFURACEOUS CRETINISM  or FURFURACEOUS IDIOCY 
                             MONGOLISM 
                             DOWN syndrome 
                             TRISOMY 21 syndrome 
  id+ | the dissapAereance of the eponym 
        FURFURATEOUS CRETIN illustrates the 
        PATRIOTIC and IDEOLOGICAL nature of 
        MEDICAL EPONYMS | 
  etym> idea of CURSH SCALE SCRUF 
  lat FURFUROSUS = FULL OF BRAN 
  hx> FURFURACEOUS CRETINISM  if it had become popular 
  would render credit to the extensive studies 
  by Eduard C. SEGUIN M.D. [#] (1812-1881) and 
  his promotion of charitable ideas toward "idiots" 
  found among his many contributions such as  
  "Hygiene and Education of Idiots" of 1843  
  SEGUIN recognized the existence of  
  sub-categories of "cretins" among whom 
  skin desquamation and other ectodermal 
  anomalies were prevalent in a particular group 
  now called DOWN syndrome 
  this eponym replaced the eponym 
  MONGOLISM advocated by British experts 
  at the time when "social Darwinism" was popular 
  and ideas concerning "race" stimulated 
  ideas inherent in social "eugenics" 
  in 1866 John Langdon DOWN M.D. (1828 - 1896) in his 
  "Observations on the Ethnic Classification of Idiots" 
  used the term MONGOLISM and concurrently wrote on 
  "Marriages of consanguinity in relation to 
   degeneration of race" found in 
  London Hosp. Clin. Lect. Rep., 1866, 3:224-36
  KALMUC IDIOCY was another eponym proposed 
  in 1876 by Mitchel and Fraser 
  another gentler alternative was 
  ACROMICRIA reflectiong obvious clinical signs 
  failed the "popularity test" although 
  "MONGOLOID" individuals have charateristically  
  small or short ACRO or distal structures 
  reflected in small or short noses, 
  ears, neck, stature, limbs and digits 
  note the debate about subcategories of "idiots" 
       and "cretins" did not abate until the  
  1959 discovery by L. LEJEUNE of the association 
  of "MONGOLISM" with trisomy of chromosome 21 
  by 1991 the term DOWN syndrome was nearly 
  universally endorsed by experts in Clinical Genetics 
  cont> sug> CRETIN  sug> IDIOT 
            

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