Esculapius dealt with Patients - Merchants make deals with Clients
~ MEDICAL HUMANISM is inherently the
HISTORY OF HUMANISM and is the
HISTORY OF MEDICINE are intertwined
id+ | INHUMANE MEDICINE MAY BE A REALITY BUT
IF SO IT IS AN ABHORENT REALITY |
start see> MEDDLE
note preceding entries MEDDLE MEDIA MEDIC MEDICAGO
note the following is primarily but not entirely
based on an overview by Felix MARTI-IBANEZ 
note MEDICAL HUMANISM EMERGED from ideas framed by
CICERO [#] BOCCACCIO [#] PETRARCA [#] DANTE [#]
they spoke of HUMANITAS and of "HUMANISTIC SPIRIT"
often referring to the poet ARIOSTO [#]
who popularized the
maxim> " HOMO SUM
NIHIL HUMANI A ME ALEINUM PUTO " for
" MAN I AM
NOTHING HUMAN IS ALIEN TO ME" previously given
in the play "HEAUTON TIMONUMENOS" by
Pablius Terentius AFER [#] also known as
TERENT or TERENCE [#]
lit+ hx> HUMANISM has roots in MEDICINE and
LITERATURE POETRY and PHILOSOPHY
note PHILOLOGIST-PHYSICIANS who
translated many classic ancient sources
HUMANIST-PHYSICIANS who disseminated knowledge and
PHILOSOPHER-PHYSICIANS who produced commentaries
note many HUMANIST-PHYSICIANS became spiritual heirs of
Juan Luis VIVA [#] among them
Miguel or MICHAEL SERVETUS [#] see> UNIVERSITY
Miguel or MICHAEL SABUCO [#] y ALVAREZ de AVILA
author of "NUEVA FILOSOFIA de la NATURALEZA del
hombre no conocida ni alcancada de
los filosofos antiguos: la que mejora la vida
y salud humana. Compuesta por don~a Oliva Sabuco"
or NEW PHILOSOPHY of HUMAN NATURE ...
recently A NEW EDITION was produced by the
University of Illinois Press
note editions subsequent to the original
published by his daughter OLIVIA in 1587
which were EXPURGATED by the INQUISITION
note SABUCO [#] POSTULATED THE THEORY OF A
"CEREBRAL or NEURAL JUICE" pointing toward
THE CEREBROSPINAL FLUID and the VEGETATIVE SYSTEM
" ... THERE ARE EMOTIONS PASSIONS
MOTIONS OF THE MIND ..."
the work was widely known and perhaps the reason why
the National Library of Medicine managed to acquire
note the work is perhaps the first formal treatise
on the RELATIONSHIP OF MIND and BODY thus on
PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE arguing that many
medical troubles stem from a detachment of
MEDICINE from PHILOSOPHY or an
IGNORANCE OF HUMAN NATURE
note Andres LAGUNA [#] physician of Charles V is seen as a
a pioneer PSYCHOANALYST
LAGUNA wrote a treatise on the PLAGUE in 1546 and
proposed MERCURIAL FRICTION TREATMENTS
his many books include translations of
DIOSCORIDES [#] or Pedanius DIOSCURIDES [#]
from ANAZARBUS CILICIA a Greek PHYSICIAN and
PHARMACOLOGIST who lived between c 40-90
note C HOBBES [#] called
"THE GREATEST AND MOST RELIABLE OF
THE ANCIENT HERBALISTS" is mostly remembered for his
"DE MATERIAL MEDICA" published during his life time
the most famous early edition is
"The Vienna Edition" of 1512 as a cornerstone of
western and Arabic pharmaceutical sciences
used for the next 400 years
note LAGUNA also became interested in
DEMONOLOGY and WITCHES and described
PHANTASMAGORIAS induced by the root of
NIGHTSHADE PLANTS and asserted
"THESE VISIONS ARE PRODUCED DURING SLEEP"
and instead of giving credit to "magic"
LAGUNA implies that such trances are due to
CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES within various plants
an example of LAGUNA observations follows
" ... THE WIFE ... ANOINTED FROM HEAD TO FOOT ...
BECAUSE HAD LOST COMPLETELY THE ABILITY TO SLEEP ...
A VERY GOOD SUBJECT FOR EXPERIMENT BECAUSE
AN INFINITE NUMBER OF REMEDIES HAD BEEN TRIED IN VAIN ...
I COULD NOT RESIST TRYING (A SAMPLE OF THIS OINTMENT) ...
BECAUSE OF ITS COLOR AND ODOR
IT WAS EASY TO CONCOCT ...
AS SOON AS THIS LADY HAD BEEN ANOINTED
WITH HER EYES OPEN LIKE A RABBIT ...
SHE FELL INTO SUCH A PROFOUND SLEEP
THAT I NEVER THOUGHT I WOULD BE ABLE TO AWAKEN HER ..."
the above is suggestive of an experiment with an
OINTMENT with OPIUM or DATURA
plants containing ATROPINE SCOPOLAMIN and HYOSCYAMINE
which induce DELIROUS STATES thus the name
DEVIL'S WEED or DEVIL'S CUCUMBER
DATURA from Hindi DHATURA implies THOM for APPLE
note LAGUNA lived in SPAIN when
"NEW CHRISTIANS" were SUSPECT because of their
JEWISH or ARAB roots
note "JUDAIZANTISMO" a term for
"A HERESY of RESIDUAL JEWISHNESS"
note LAGUNA was called "CRYPTO-JEW" or "MARRANO"
terms implying "NOT TRUE or VERITABLE CHRISTIAN"
note LAGUNA was a "CONVERSO ERRANTE" or ERRANT PHYSICIAN
and engaged in PEDAGOGICAL WANDERING or
"LA PEREGRINATIO" which is mainly how KNOWLEDGE
SPREAD ACROSS EUROPE
perhaps akin to the CRUISING THE INTERNET
note LAGUNA TOUGHT STUDIED AND PRACTICED MEDICINE IN
SALAMANCA ALACA TOLEDO PARIS ROUAN LISBOA LONDON
MIDDLEBURG METZ COBLENZ KHOLN KONIGSBERG NANCY
NUREMBERG BOLOGNA GENEVA PISA VITERBO ROME NAPLES VENICE ...
in 1543 in COLOGNE
LAGUNA delivered a famous SPEECH
"EUROPA SESE DISCRUTIANS" on the DEATH OF NATIONS
THE MORTAL FRAGMENTATION OF EUROPE and IMPENDING WARS
note Luis OBERA [#] de AVILA like LAGUNA
also born in AVILA about 1471
he concentrated his medical work upon
ANATOMY PLAGUE and SYPHILIS
note Antonio GOMEZ PEREIRA [#] was born about 1500 in
MEDINA del CAMPO
A JEWISH PHYSICIAN AND PHILOSOPHER and
physician to PHILIP II
PEREIRA established the value of FEVER
as a process to RESTORE NORMALITY and
OPPOSED DOGMATIC ADHERENCE TO GALEN [#]
A CENTURY BEFORE DESCARTES
HE FRAMED THE SYLLOGISM
"I KNOW THAT I KNOW SOMETHING
EVERYONE WHO KNOWS IS
HENCE I AM"
cont> see> MEDICATION pointing to MEDICINE
Our websites offer information mostly for educational purposes with no intent to alter health care protocols nor to serve as a sole source of medical information.
Always seek the advice of your local health care provider.