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CURRENT
Medical-Humanism
~ MEDICAL HUMANISM is inherently the
  HISTORY OF HUMANISM and is the
  HISTORY OF MEDICINE are intertwined
                      note how
  id+ | INHUMANE MEDICINE MAY BE A REALITY BUT
        IF SO IT IS AN ABHORENT REALITY |
  start see> MEDDLE
  note preceding entries MEDDLE MEDIA MEDIC MEDICAGO
       MEDICAL ETHICS
  note the following is primarily but not entirely
       based on an overview by Felix MARTI-IBANEZ [116]
  note MEDICAL HUMANISM EMERGED from ideas framed by
  CICERO [#] BOCCACCIO [#] PETRARCA [#]  DANTE [#]
  they spoke of HUMANITAS and of "HUMANISTIC SPIRIT"
  often referring to the poet ARIOSTO [#]
  who popularized the
  maxim> " HOMO SUM
           NIHIL HUMANI A ME ALEINUM PUTO " for
  " MAN I AM
    NOTHING HUMAN IS ALIEN TO ME" previously given
  in the play "HEAUTON TIMONUMENOS" by
  Pablius Terentius AFER [#] also known as
  TERENT or TERENCE [#]
  lit+ hx> HUMANISM has roots in MEDICINE and
           LITERATURE POETRY and PHILOSOPHY
  note PHILOLOGIST-PHYSICIANS who
       translated many classic ancient sources
  HUMANIST-PHYSICIANS who disseminated knowledge and
  PHILOSOPHER-PHYSICIANS who produced commentaries
  note many HUMANIST-PHYSICIANS became spiritual heirs of
       Juan Luis VIVA [#] among them
  Miguel or MICHAEL SERVETUS [#] see> UNIVERSITY
  Miguel or MICHAEL SABUCO [#] y ALVAREZ de AVILA
            author of "NUEVA FILOSOFIA de la NATURALEZA del
  hombre no conocida ni alcancada de
  los filosofos antiguos: la que mejora la vida
  y salud humana. Compuesta por don~a Oliva Sabuco"
  or NEW PHILOSOPHY of HUMAN NATURE ...
  recently A NEW EDITION was produced by the
  University of Illinois Press
  note editions subsequent to the original
       published by his daughter OLIVIA in 1587
  which were EXPURGATED by the INQUISITION
  note SABUCO [#] POSTULATED THE THEORY OF A
  "CEREBRAL or NEURAL JUICE" pointing toward
  THE CEREBROSPINAL FLUID and the VEGETATIVE SYSTEM
  " ... THERE ARE EMOTIONS  PASSIONS
  MOTIONS OF THE MIND ..."
  the work was widely known and perhaps the reason why
  the National Library of Medicine managed to acquire
  3 originals
  note the work is perhaps the first formal treatise
       on the RELATIONSHIP OF MIND and BODY thus on
  PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE arguing that many
  medical troubles stem from a detachment of
  MEDICINE from PHILOSOPHY or an
  IGNORANCE OF HUMAN NATURE
  note Andres LAGUNA [#] physician of Charles V is seen as a
                     a pioneer PSYCHOANALYST
  LAGUNA wrote a treatise on the PLAGUE in 1546 and
  proposed MERCURIAL FRICTION TREATMENTS
  his many books include translations of
  DIOSCORIDES [#] or Pedanius DIOSCURIDES [#]
  from ANAZARBUS CILICIA a Greek PHYSICIAN and
  PHARMACOLOGIST who lived between c 40-90
  note C HOBBES [#] called
       "THE GREATEST AND MOST RELIABLE OF
  THE ANCIENT HERBALISTS" is mostly remembered for his
  "DE MATERIAL MEDICA" published during his life time
  the most famous early edition is
  "The Vienna Edition" of 1512  as a cornerstone of
  western and Arabic pharmaceutical sciences
  used for the next 400 years
  note LAGUNA also became interested in
       DEMONOLOGY and WITCHES and described
  PHANTASMAGORIAS induced by the root of
  NIGHTSHADE PLANTS and asserted
  "THESE VISIONS ARE PRODUCED DURING SLEEP"
  and instead of giving credit to "magic"
  LAGUNA implies that such trances are due to
  CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES within various plants
  an example of LAGUNA observations follows
  " ... THE WIFE ... ANOINTED FROM HEAD TO FOOT ...
  BECAUSE HAD LOST COMPLETELY THE ABILITY TO SLEEP ...
  A VERY GOOD SUBJECT FOR EXPERIMENT BECAUSE
  AN INFINITE NUMBER OF REMEDIES HAD BEEN TRIED IN VAIN ...
  I COULD NOT RESIST TRYING (A SAMPLE OF THIS OINTMENT) ...
  BECAUSE OF ITS COLOR AND ODOR
  IT WAS EASY TO CONCOCT ...
  AS SOON AS THIS LADY HAD BEEN ANOINTED
  WITH HER EYES OPEN LIKE A RABBIT ...
  SHE FELL INTO SUCH A PROFOUND SLEEP
  THAT I NEVER THOUGHT I WOULD BE ABLE TO AWAKEN HER ..."
  the above is suggestive of an experiment with an
  OINTMENT with  OPIUM or DATURA
  plants containing ATROPINE SCOPOLAMIN and HYOSCYAMINE
  which induce DELIROUS STATES thus the name
  DEVIL'S WEED or DEVIL'S CUCUMBER
  DATURA from Hindi DHATURA implies THOM for APPLE
  note LAGUNA lived in SPAIN when
       "NEW CHRISTIANS" were SUSPECT because of their
  JEWISH or ARAB roots
  note "JUDAIZANTISMO" a term for
       "A HERESY of RESIDUAL JEWISHNESS"
  note LAGUNA was called "CRYPTO-JEW" or "MARRANO"
       terms implying "NOT TRUE or VERITABLE CHRISTIAN"
  note LAGUNA was a "CONVERSO ERRANTE" or ERRANT PHYSICIAN
       and engaged in PEDAGOGICAL WANDERING or
  "LA PEREGRINATIO" which is mainly how KNOWLEDGE
  SPREAD ACROSS EUROPE
  perhaps akin to the CRUISING THE INTERNET
  note LAGUNA TOUGHT STUDIED AND PRACTICED MEDICINE IN
       SALAMANCA ALACA TOLEDO PARIS ROUAN LISBOA LONDON
  MIDDLEBURG METZ COBLENZ KHOLN KONIGSBERG NANCY
  NUREMBERG BOLOGNA GENEVA PISA VITERBO ROME NAPLES VENICE ...
  in 1543 in COLOGNE
     LAGUNA delivered a famous SPEECH
  "EUROPA SESE DISCRUTIANS" on the DEATH OF NATIONS
  THE MORTAL FRAGMENTATION OF EUROPE and IMPENDING WARS
  note Luis OBERA [#] de AVILA like LAGUNA
       also born in AVILA about 1471
  he concentrated his medical work upon
  ANATOMY  PLAGUE  and SYPHILIS
  note Antonio GOMEZ PEREIRA [#] was born about 1500  in
                                 MEDINA del CAMPO
  A JEWISH PHYSICIAN AND PHILOSOPHER and
  physician to PHILIP II
  PEREIRA established the value of FEVER
  as a process to RESTORE NORMALITY and
  OPPOSED DOGMATIC ADHERENCE TO GALEN [#]
  A CENTURY BEFORE DESCARTES
  HE FRAMED THE SYLLOGISM
  "I KNOW THAT I KNOW SOMETHING
   EVERYONE WHO KNOWS IS
   HENCE I AM"
  cont> see> MEDICATION pointing to MEDICINE
      

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