MANUAL of ANTENATAL PATHOLOGY and HYGIENE
By John William Ballantyne
A Facsimile Reprint
Jacobs Press, Inc. Clinton
William Green & Sons
With an introduction by Roger E. Stevenson. On behalf of MedWord LLC who sponsors this web-site we are deeply indebted to Dr. Stevenson who sponsored this re-issue and are grateful for his generosity and leadership. In our view, this manual is as relevant today as it was in 1904.
The Manual, published in 1904 in Edinburgh, represents the culmination of Ballantyne"s inquiry into existing knowledge of human embryonic development. It forms a rather complete scientific and philosophical backdrop upon which the understandings of hereditary and environmental influences on human development gained in this century have been superimposed. A second volume deals with the Fetus.
The Manual of Antenatal Pathology and Hygiene followed Ballantyne"s earlier texts, Diseases of Infancy (1891) and Diseases and Deformities of the Fetus (1892-1895), and reflected his growing appreciation for the importance of the events of early pregnancy.
A career-long advocate of antenatal care, safe delivery, and pediatric care, Ballantyne (1861-1923) was intensely interested in the nature and causes of abnormal human development. Understanding abnormal human development was no mere curiosity with Ballantyne. With knowledge, he anticipated the possibility of antenatal therapy. He predicted "that hereditary disease might be treatable one day and that there might be prevention of the birth of hopelessly maimed human beings."
Ballantyne was at once pathologist, obstetrician, and pediatrician. He studied human anomalies while maintaining a clinical practice in obstetrics and pediatrics for over 30 years.
The volume of The Manual on the embryo includes thirty-three chapters (697 pages) in which Ballantyne provides a chronology of embryonic life and sets forth general principles of the pathology of the embryo (teratology), historical and contemporary concepts regarding the causes and a catalogue of observations on each type of malformation. Three chapters are devoted to the pathology of the embryo (teratology), historical and contemporary concepts regarding the causes of anomalies, a classification of malformations and a catalogue of observations on each type of malformation. Three chapters are devoted to the pathology of the germ line.