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Grasping Ideas in Words - Natural Learning and Remembering

NOTICE! (CAVIAT) - use General Search Box to find non-medical terms

Comment: Notions in words like life, death, wellness, or love incorporate timeless universal notions represented by mythic figures, emblems, icons, legends, ballads, and lullabies. In a way, such complex notions are like an Egyptian cartouche - a capsule of a cluster of ideas represented by a word (continued at the end of the following list of words). Suggestion: in addition to alphabetic search, if needed, add "word search" in this page (press control F) fuRTHERMORE, the whole Pandora Word Box is dedicate to illuminate meanings conveyed by images and words. 

~ -; DASH is a signal indicative of a delimiter related to a prefix or suffix 

~ A-; prefix often denoting lack of x, y, or z (see atrichia) 

   BONUS - a-trichia implies lack of, see hair or see alopecia given below 

~ A ...; as a prefix it often denotes lack of x, y, or z (see atrichia) 

~ Abd …; prefix for away as in abduction 

   BONUS - to remember; abd and related - take away, kidnap, rape ... 

   BONUS - to remember; more about abd - abductions, ... 

~ Abducent; e.g.  motor nerves or muscles producing motion away from the anatomical
   axis or at times referred to as “exterior” motion 

~ Abduct; abduction, to move away, kidnap, abduction implies rape, in Spanish rapto is
    abduct and in Ukrainian implies suddenly (raptovo) 

   BONUS - see abduction

   BONUS - see abducted (open) thighs - oppossite of adducted

~ Abdomen; ventral refers to “vientre” from vento or wind and in medicine to structures
   anterior to the body axis, poetically known as “bag of winds”, container of “abducted”
   nutrients and organs, “ventrally from” implies “in front of” 

   BONUS - see nephrosis, ascitis  

   BONUS - see hepatitis, ascitis 

   BONUS - see hypotonia 

~ Achondroplasia; an autosomal-dominant inherent form of clinically recognizable category of disproportional lumbar shortness and macrocephaly (disproportionally large head) or macrocrania

~ Acomia; lack of hair; also see Alopecia

   BONUS - lack of pilocity or hairlessness 

~ Acro~; prefix denoting distal as in acro-megaly, etc. 

   BONUS - to remember; acro, meso, ecto, ... 

   BONUS - "endings" as in acro-melia for shortening of limbs 

~ Acrocyanosis; acro=distant, cyanosis=blue like the sky (cielo in Spanish) 

~ Acrodysplasia; abnormalities of distal structures 

~ Acromegaly; enlarged distal structures 

Adelphi; individuals who shared a womb (in Greek, brothers)

~ Adipose; fatty, aleipha in Greek, olyj or oil in Ukr 

   BONUS - see adiposity

~ Agenesis; (a-genesis), lack of gene(s) resulting in lack of development of particular
   cells, tissues, organs (implies material and not functional consequences) 

   BONUS - see Thalidomide - limb agenesis 

   BONUS - see Teratoma - fetal-like growth lacking a body axis 

~ Alae nasi; lateral areas (wings) or nostrils 

~ Alcohol; fluid product from natural fermentation of sugars, mainly see ethanol 

~ Alcoholism; *see addiction, implies dependence and negative impacts, *see teratogen. 

~ Allele; alternative form of a gene 

~ Alopecia; lack of hair, opposite of hirsutism 

   BONUS - a-trichia implies lack of, see hair or see alopecia given below 

~ Am~; all as in amateur, implying selfless love in some aspect 

~ Amblyopia; [often used as a synonym of strabismus, the symptom of which often
   is double vision - ambliopia, diplopia]. Vulgar and mistaken medical parlance, equate
   this term with 
lazy eyedim vision. See strabismus. 

~ Amelia;  absence of a limb or limbs 

~ Amnesia; loss of memory - a punishment dolled out by Mnemosyne, the goddess of remembrance 

~ Am-putation; lack either of formation, or loss due or not a mechanical-surgical event 

   BONUS - some amputations are reflections of agenesis or aplasia, the former due to a gene defect, and the later due to the lack of development (morphogenesis) 

~ Analgesic; factor or agent that diminishes or prevents pain; see morphine 

~ Anamnesis; remembrance or recall of symptoms, signs and circumstances 

~ Andro~; prefix indicative of maleness, as shown next 

~ Androgen; agents that masculinize 

~ Anencephaly or Acephaly – lack of the head or cephalon 

~ Aneurysm; segmental dilatation of an artery, vein or other tubular structures due to 
   flaws of its walls 

~ Angioma; vascular tumor (general term - see hemangioma etc.- see ectasia) 

~ Ankylo-; prefix denoting crooked, bent, curved, deviated, fused, stiff, fixed, ...

   BONUS - perspective includes ankle articulation or joint

~ Anophthalmia; see microphthalmia 

~ Anotia; "no" ear or auricle

~ Antenna; detector of signals generally invisible and generally by touch 

~ Antepartum; before birth or parturition implying materno-fetal partition  

~ Antihelix; anti=against the helix, implying near; ante=in front of 

   BONUS - see ear landmarks

   BONUS - see protruding ears of an Emperor

~ Antitragus; similar to antihelix, tragus in Greek points to he-goat, as in tragedy 

   BONUS - see ear landmarks

   BONUS - see protruding ears of an Emperor

~ Apathetic, apathy; lacking “pathos” or emotion, sign of mental depression, see apathy 

~ Apathy; lacking (see) “pathos” or spirit (emotion)

~ Aplasia; (a-plasia), no or lack of development (cells, tissues, organs), excludes notion
functions, does NOT imply lack of capacity to develop (genes, denoted by agenesis),

~ Arm; upper limb, body part that holds weapons (armament) 

~ Arthro; arthron implies articulation or joint, as in arthropod, arthritis, …

~ Arthrogryposis; implies multiple congenital joint contractures in diverse body parts 

~ Ascitis; abdomen with fluid, from ascos (Greek for wineskin implying "stink"), in Spanish
   asco means repugnant or odious odor 

   BONUS - see nephrosis, ascitis  

   BONUS - see hepatitis, ascitis 

~ Asymmetry; lacking expected likeness 

~ Atom;

~ Atrichia; lack of hair or alopecia - note hirsute for excess of hair 

  BONUS - a-trichia implies lack of, see hair or see alopecia given below 

~ Atrophy;

~ Audio; sound as in audible, audience ... 

~ Auricle; external ear, ear lobe 

~ Autosomal; loci or genes located on autosomal chromosomes thus not on the sex
   chromosomes X nor Y 

~ Birth defect; flawed political popular term for congenital anomaly 

~ Blastopathy; abnormalities of the blastula (see blastula)

~ Blastula; early development of a fertilized egg when the morula (solid sphere of cells) 
   develops a cavity (blast), from Greek “blastos” for “sprout” - perhaps relatged, blast 
   as implied by  "explosion", the growth of the morula-blastula becomes very frast as
   if an "explosion" of cell divisions 

~ Bone; hard tissue implying calcified 

~ Cafe au lait; reference to skin maculas of the "coffee with milk" tint

~ Cancer; uncontrolled division of abnormal cells spreading in a pattern suggestive of 
the legs of a crab from Greek “kakinos” or Latin “cancer” 

~ Carpe diem; find (search) via General Search Box 

~ Casuistics; cumulative experience from exposure to cases” (ww, Ed.) 

~ Cataract;

~ Caudad; pertaining to the tail of "end"

~ Caviat; be aware, to note 

~ Cele; or coele, in Medicine implies cavity, hernia, swelling 

~ Cephal; prefix - cepha-lad, superior or opposite to caudad (see cauda); cephal-ic
   denotes pertaining to the anterior or top areas of an animal or cephalon 

~ Cephalon; in vernacular, head 

~ Cesium-137 – radioactive form of Cesium (Cs)

~ Cleft; gap (congenital, implying agenesis or aplasia), acquired (failed healing or
   artificially induced), strictly speaking SCHITSIS as in schizophrenia (split or cleft mind)

   BONUS - see vast perspective of this notion

~ Clinic;

~ Clinical;

~ Clone; implies identicity; in Medicine, group of cells identical to their ancestor, 
   when applied to whole organisms, the implication is non-sexual reproduction 

~ Cocaine;

~ Codeine; derivative of (see morphine) - mainly prescribed to treat moderate or severe
   pain (see analgesic) - highly addictive (see narcotic) - the implicit notions are very
   complex and outlined in entries shown in parentheses, plus note bonus link below 

   BONUS - ALK ALKALEMIA ALKALI ALKALOIDS - Morphine, Codeine, Quinine, Atropine,
   Strychnine, ... 

~ Codone;

~ Cognizant;

~ Collagen; extracellular "glue" protein, see colloid 

~ Colloid; a gel like substance, in vernacular "glue-like" or gelatin or jelly - note - in 
   Spanish, "cola" means tail as well as glue - animal tails are rich in collagen -
   human collagen disorders are many and cause fragility of the tissues the collagen
   sustains in place - a cadaver as it cools, the collagen stiffens - a "stiff" in jargon
   denotes a dead person  

~ Coloboma; gap (like a cut) generally of ocular structures often irides 

~ Coma;

~ Congenital;

~ Consanguinity;

~ Cranium;  skull, skeletal or bone component of the head or cephalon 

~ Crease; folding or groove

~ Credo; belief 

~ Cretinism;

~ Cross-bread; preferred term for intra-cohort breading instead of in-breading

~ Cutis; skin 

~ Cutis marmorata; pink marble like skin implying mottled skin 

~ Cupid; mythological emblem mainly denoting temptation driving desire

~ Cupid bow; outline of the vermillion of the upper lip in a shape of an arch, Cupid shot
   love arrows and humans blow kisses from the upper lip

~ Cupid bow flat or not evident; the sign observed among instances of fetal alcohol
   effects, syndrome, or spectrum disorders 

~ Cure;

~ Cyan; blue, give someone cyanide and as death approaches the victims will become bluish  

~ Cyanides; fast-acting poison, often lethal, found in bacteria, mushrooms, algae, seeds, plastics - used in pesticides, ...  

~ Cyclopia; fused eyes (not a failure of "splitting") 

~ Cyst;

~ Dactyly;

~ Day-dreaming;

~ Death;

~ Decline;

~ Deformation; external causes of anomalies, dys-morphism 

~ Delirium;

~ De novo;

~ Dia;

~ Diabetes;

~ Diagnosis; hypothetical label - synthesis of (objective) signs/natural history with
   (hypothetical) pathogenesis/etiology 

~ Dialysis;

~ Diaphoresis;

~ Digit;

~ Diplopia;

~ Disease; mental or physical instability, away from homeostasis 

~ Dis; “rupture” of a process, see more in dys 

~ Disorder; characteristic of malformations and diseases 

~ Disproportion;

~ Disruption; implies external negative impact 

~ Dominant; implies pathology due to the presence of one thus single mutated
   pathogenic allele 

~ Dormant;

~ Dorsal; often used to denote "supra" (during embryogenesis the occiput may be

   included in dorsal) 

~ Down syndrome; concurrent symptoms and clinical signs suggestive of an extra
   chromosome 21 or its segments (trisomy 21)

~ Dys~; or dis, prefix for diseased or "anomaly" or ab-normal, note also “dis” 

~ Dysmorphism;

~ Dysmorphogenesis; 

~ Dysmorphology; study of altered morphology (implicitly disproportions or anomalies,
   deformities, malformities, ...  

   BONUS - see further perspectives 

~ Dysplasia; altered tissue formation - normal cells but disorganized - e.g. hamartoma,
   polyp, nevus, neurofibroma 

~ Dyssomnia;

~ Ear; or auricle, also inner, middle and outer or external ears form the auditory system 

~ Ecology;

~ Ectasia; implies distension - dilatation related to altered "flow" in a tubular structure in
   contrast to aneurysm due to flaws in walls

~ Ectoderm; ecto implies external 

~ Ectro-;

~ Edema; from “oid” for “to swell” in Greek

~ Emaciate; “macer” in Latin for thin, lost flesh as per "macerate" 

~ Embryo; an organism during early development and giving rise to a fetus 

~ Embryology;

~ Embryopathy; anomalies of the embryo 

~ Endemic;

~ Endocrine;

~ Environment;

~ Epi~; prefix for above as in epi-demiology (pertaining to people) 

~ Epicanthus; Epicanthic fold; epi - canthus - skin fold above the (ocular inner) angle 

~ Epidemic;

~ Epidemiology;

~ Epidermis; skin (above the "flesh") 

~ Epigenetic;

~ Eso; Greek for "inward" as in esotropia 

~ Esotropia; inward or convergent strabismus or squint 

~ Ethanol; eth and ol denote a chain of two carbons one of which is linked to OH ethyl
   group (EtOH) expressed by the chemical formula  CH3-CH2-OH; a liquid flammable
   addictive human psychotoxin (an inhibitor of inhibitions), see alcoholism

~ Ethics; see "ethos", in essence, the “thuth” 

~ Ethnic;

~ Ethnos; strictly speaking it denotes a distinct people and points towards ethos and

~ Ethos (soul), ethnic; natural of a group

~ Etiology; true cause, see Etios 

~ Etios; Greek for spirit pointing to "true" 

~ Etymology; the true origin, mainly of words 

~ Euthanasia;

~ Exo; Greek for "out" as in exotic, exotropia 

~ Ex-omphalon;

~ Exotropia; outward or divergent strabismus 

~ Face, facade; front, communication organ/devise 

~ Facies; a face that “speaks”, conveys a meaning

~ FAE; fetal alcohol effect, see FAS and FASD

~ FAS; fetal alcohol syndrome, implies full array of concurrent signs, see FASD

~ FASD; fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, implies incomplete array of FAS signs

~ Facoma; see phacomatosis  

~ Facomatosis; see phacomatosis 

~ Fantasy;

~ Febricula; often implies low-grade recurrent episode of (see) fever; late-day rise of
   levels of temperature are characteristic of some stages of tuberculosis (TBC)

~ Fertile; capable of reproduction, fruitful, fecund 

~ Fever; a syndrome of hyperthermia with concurrent "febrile" symptoms and signs, often
   sophistically characteristic to suggest etiology (cause), such as childhood exanthemas
   (measles, rubella, etc.) 

~ Fistula; a tubular hallow abnormal canal or tunnel-like between organs or the exterior 

~ Flaccid; 

~ Foca; see phoca  

~ Fontanelle;

~ Frenzy;

~ FTT, failure to thrive, implies delay of mental, physical, growth and maturation 

~ Gen-;

~ Gender; psychological (personality, behaviour, sexual drived, libido) characteristic of
   biologic males in contrast to biologic females, see more under "sex"

~ Gene, genius, generator; messenger

~ Genetics; the study of inherited and or hereditary organisms or their components

~ Genome; the totality of genes of an organism 

~ Gigantism;

~ Gloss-;

~ Glossa; tongue, language 

~ Glossectomy; 

~ Glycemia;

~ Goiter; 

~ Gonad;

~ Gyneco-mastia; developed female breast in a male 

~ Hallucination;

~ Hamartoma; circumscribed areas of dysplastic tissues (facomas or phacomas) prone to
   uncontrolled growth and malignant changes 

~ Hamartomatosis; systemic multiple, generally congenital, benign neoplasia, often pre-
   malignant, e.g. multiple neurofibromatosis 

~ Hamartosis; see Hamartomatosis 

~ Health; optimal homeostasis of an organism at a particular stage of development and
   lifespan (includes a mental optimal state) 

~ Helix;

~ Hemangiona; vascular tumor (general term akin to angioma, see ectasia) 

~ Hemi-;

~ Hermaphroditism; strictly speaking, there is no human hermaphroditism. The term
   implies the capacity of self-replication (it negates sexual reproduction). However,
   medical literature uses this term to describe, in most instances, ovo-testes or "mixed
   gonadal dysgenesis" (a high cancer risk anomalies thus an indication for surgical
   removal of such gonads). Pseudo-hermaphroditism, male variety (feminized males)
   and female variety (masculinized females). Personally, I find such "labels" offensive,
   degrading, arrogant, dogmatic and socially damaging. Personally, since the causes
   and pathogenesis of such disorders are multiple and complex, an acceptable alternative
   may be to describe actual clinical features as kindly as possible; gynecomastia for
   example does not have to be branded as an instance of "feminized male" or a large
   clitoris be branded as in instance of a pseudohermaphroditism or equally offensive
   branding as an instance of a "masculinized female". (more in an Overview on this

~ Heroin;

~ Hirsutism; excess of hair - note atrichia for lack of hair or alopecia 

~ Holo~; prefix for totality, whole, wholly 

~ Holoprosencephaly; a forebrain undivided into left and right hemispheres

~ Homeostasis; health, stability 

~ Hydramnios;

~ Hydrocephalus;

~ Hyper; prefix for excess, see hyper-x,y,z 

~ Hyperplasia; enlargement on the basis of more numerous cells

~ Hypertelorism; increased inter-ocular distance, see telorism 

~ Hyperthermia; elevated temperature; hyperthermia is not a synonym of fever which is a
   syndrome (see specific entry); 
hyperthermia, if localized, is a reflection of increased
   blood flow a
ssociated with an underlying vascular anomaly, an inflammatory process,
a neoplasia. Generalized body hyperthermia can be induced by exercise or external
   factors such as 
sources of energy (sun and other forms of radiation), hot bath, etc.
yperthermia is a teratogen - a known cause of oral and limb malformations among
   other anomalies.

~ Hypertrichosis; hirsutism or excess of hair, see trichosis 

~ Hypertrophy; enlargement including of cells 

~ Hypnos;

~ Hypnotic;

~ Hypo;

~ Hypotelorism; decreased inter-ocular distance, see telorism 

~ Hypothesis;

~ Hypotonia;

~ Hypotrichosis; sparse hair, see trichosis, alopecia 

~ Illusion;

~ Implication; plica (fold), “folded in” 

~ Imprinting;

~ IMV; informative morphogenic variant 

~ Incest; 

~ Iniencephaly; a neural tube defects mostly impacting the neck (inion), atlas and axis           cervical vertebrae. Concurrent encephaloceles and schises of the neural cord are 
   common as well as other malformations. The cardinal sign is a severe retroflexion of 
   the neck

~ Inion; root for neck, iniencephaly 

~ Insomnia; lack of sleep

~ Ion;

~ Ionizing; energy capable of converting atoms and molecules into ions

~ Iridoschisis, see Coloboma

~ IUGR; intrauterine growth retardation; 

~ Lethal;

~ Lethargy;

~ Leukemia; strictly it denotes “white blood”, in Medicine an abnormal malignant
   excessive proliferation of “white blood cells” (leukocytes)

~ Life; individual organism capable of capturing energy for its perpetuation

~ Limb; extensions of body stalk, populist term "extremities", see Limbus

   BONUS - to remember - limb, limbic, limbus, ...

~ Limber; hypotonia, flexible, agile, pliable, nimble, elastic

  BONUS - to remember - limb, limbic, limbus, ...

~ Limbic; refers to the thalamus and hypothalamus, see Limbus

  BONUS - to remember - limb, limbic, limbus, ...

~ Limbo; oblivion, nowhere, limit or area between paradise and hell according to the    

  BONUS - to remember - limb, limbic, limbus, ...

~ Limbus; limit, edge, border … 

  BONUS - to remember - limb, limbic, limbus, ... 

~ Lingua-;

~ Lingula;

~ Lipid; a wax, fat, sterol, vitamin, glyceride 

~ Locus; position on a chromosome 

~ Lobe; a part of a generally flat and round structure

~ Lobule; a small lobe 

~ Lysosome;

~ Macro; big, large as in macro-x,y,z, see Megalo 

~ Macrocephaly; large head or macrocrania or megalocephaly 

~ Macrocrania; see Macrocephaly

~ Macroglossia;

~ Macrognathia; generally referred to as prognatism 

~ Macrosomia; 

~ Macula; skin blemish

~ Malar; cheek bone or zygoma, see zygote 

~ Male; in humans the sex (sector of population) capable of producing sperm.
   Consider a poetic potential link with muscle.

~ Malformation; a failure of morphogenesis (studied by Dysmorphology)

~ Malrotation; 

~ Mania; manic thinking implying "tied" thinking to one prevalent thought, 
              action, or behaviour 
~ Manicomium; asylum for the mentally insane, a term (offensive) no longer in use            BONUS

~ Mathematics;

~ Maxillar; vernacular for jaw, cheek bone or malar from Latin "mala" 

~ Megalo...; prefix for enlarged as in megalomania 

~ Megalocephaly; see Macrocephaly

~ Melanoma; neoplasia of melanic cells (melanocytes), mostly in the skin 

~ Melia; root denoting limb (also melic) as in mesomelia or meromelia 

~ Melic; root ( also melia) enoting limb as in rhizomelic dwarfism  

~ Mero; prefix, generally meaning implying minimal or merely, see meromelia  

~ Meromelia; partial absence of a limb (congenital "amputations")   

~ Meso; prefix for middle or central, see mesomelia 

~ Mesomelia; middle or central parts of a limb, see melia 

~ Metabolism; 

~ Micro; small as in micro-x,y,z 

~ Microcephaly; reduced head size, or rather cranial circumference, by at least -2 or more standard deviations  

~ Micrognathia; reduced size mandible or chin 

~ Microphthalmia - implies existence of an under-developed and immature ocular globe 

~ Microtia;

~ Monozygotic; origin from one single zygote 

~ Morphine;

~ Morphogenesis;

~ Morphology; shape, proportions 


Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS);

~ Muscle; contractile tissue. Note poetry in muscle - masculine - muzh (in Ukrainian
   males) - mus emerges from mouse and the notion that muscle bundles, when
   contracting, raise the skin, as if little mice were running under - in Ukrainian "myshi"
   means "mice". 

~ Mutagen; agent that alters genetic codes, heritable or not 

~ Mutation;

~ Narcissism;

~ Narcolepsy;

~ Narcotic; any agent that alters the mental status - probably the political force of 
    the alcohol beverages corporations, an additional point was added - "consumed 
    illegally" (the intent reflects a process that shields corpporations selling alcoholic 
    spirits from being branded as narcotic merchants). 
Under this corrupting political 
    influence, oxycodeine, a synthetic opioid that causes thousands of death yearly, is 
    not a narcotic. 

~ Natural history;

~ Nature; all living, see life

~ Navel; see umbilicus, a ship is tied to the shore, the baby (ship) is tied to the placenta
   (attached to the mother)

~ Neuroblast; blast implies source of cells 

~ Neoplasia; new tissue, by implication abnormal or distinct from the original

~ Neurofibromatosis; a systemic multi-tissue defect due to a single autosomal gene

~ Night;

~ Nightmare;

~ Noctambulist;

~ Nomenclature; clue given by a name 

~ Norm; feature observed in the majority (95%) of subjects 

~ Normal, norm; prevalent, optimal 

~ Nosocomial; acquired in a hospital 

~ Nosology; categorization of ailments akin but not identical to natural history 

~ Nostalgia; remembrances with yearning, longing, a sense of loss 

~ Nostology; mental deterioration resulting from senility 

~ Nostril; nares, nasal external opening 

~ Novocaine;

~ Noxa;

~ Noxious;

~ Nutrient; 

~ Obesity;

~ Obsession; unwanted intrusive compelling persistent recurring ideas and feelings 
    may be a prodrome of zeal, mania, madness 

~ Order; best fit, health 

~ Omphal-;

~ Omphalocele; herniated omphalon or navel, umbilical or central abdominal area

~ Omphalon; implies "central" 

~ Oncogene; gene increasing carcinogenesis risk 

~ Opioid;

~ Organ; implies multiple tissues "organized" functionally, implies interactions 

~ Orgasm; seizure or climax from stimulation of erotic zones perceived as pleasure 

~ Otic; pertaining to the auditory system, meaning can be linited to "ear" 

~ Overdosis;

~ Oxycodone;

~ Palpebral fissure; implies “eye opening size” Parlance; professional jargon 

~ Paralysis;

~ Paternity;

~ Pathos; implies development of a "sense" or "feeling"

~ Pathogenesis; in Medicine, mechanism generating an anomaly 

~ Pathology; 

~ Pectus; shield, sternum, see pectus-carinatum/excavatum 

~ Pectus carinatum; keel, ridged sternum 

~ Pectus excavatum: cavity, trench, sunken sternum

~ Penetrance; proportion of individuals expressing an inherited gene 

~ Phacomatosis; mostly neuro-cutaneous and/or vascular reflecting neoplastic growth of
   hamartomatous tissues (see hamartoma) 

~ Philtrum; concavity (fossa) under the nose 

~ Phobia;

~ Phobos; 

~ Phoca; or phoca, in Greek and Latin - seal or foca in Spanish, see phocomelia 

~ Phocomelia; foca (seal), melia (limbs), implies underdevelopment of all 4 limbs 

~ Phrenia; mind, as in oligophrenia

~ Phrenology; study of the mind 

~ Physiognomy; study of facial signals

~ Piggery; enterprise of breading swine (often a resource for Teratology investigations

~ Placenta; a flat, round, and brittle fetal organ (resembling a cheesecake) attached to
   the uterus and connected per an umbilical cord to a fetus surrounded by membrane  

~ Plas-;

~ Plastos; element in dysplasia, metaplasia, aplasia, ... in Greek - implies "molding" as in
   "shaping" thus proportions, organization ...  

~ Pleotropism; plethora (multiplicity) of signs caused by a gene mutation 

~ Polymath; highly-knowledgeable person; learned individual in a large number of

~ Prevalence;

~ Primacy; most important 

~ Proboscis; tube like nose or snout 

~ Prognathism; prominent jaw or macrognathia 

~ Prolabium; central part of the upper lip 

~ Psyche; includes elements of erotica, lust, sex, cupidity, love, affection, tenderness, ...  
~ Psychic; the central notion is "alienation" meaning dissociated from reality. 
~ Psychology; medical specialty focused on alterations of the psyche 
~ Psychotic; clinical term for alterations of the psyche, of which the patient is unaware. 
                   In contrast, neurosis are such disturbance, of which the patient is conscious.

~ Ptosis; fallen 

~ Race;

~ Radiation; energy emitted in waves of subatomic particles 

~ Recessive: implies impacts of both alleles (see alternative in "dominant");

~ Regeneration; restoration of destroyed cells with minimal or no flaws

~ Rhino; root for words referring to nose 

~ Rhizo; prefix for proxima or root of 

~ Rhizomelia; abnormality of the proximal or root of limbs (melia) 

~ Rudiment; preferred term to underdeveloped, etc. 

~ Schisis; cut, separation, division, gap, see cleft 

   BONUS - see vast perspective of this notion 

~ Schizophrenia; double or split mind (reality - visions - delirium) 

   BONUS - see vast perspective of this notion 

~ Sedative;

~ Semiology;

~ Sex; currently implies physical and not mental male vs female dichotomies of attributes
   indicative of contrasts characteristic of 46,XX compared to 46,XY chromosomal

~ Sialorrhea;

~ Sign; objective evidence of an event 

~ Signal; significance or interpretation of a sign 

~ Simian crease; single transverse palmar flexion crease 

~ Sinciput; see next 

~ Sinciputal; in brief, anterior area of the forehead (site of frontal encephaloceles)  

~ Skull; cranium, head, cephalon implies vertex or top 

~ Sleep; as if "slip away"; cyclic relative inactivity of cerebral and other components of
   the n
ervous system expressed mainly as consciousness and muscle tone. During sleep
   there is a shift away from a daylight mode to a night mode from the homeostasis
   regulated by the autonomic-endocrine systems. Shifts include urinary excretion and
   body temperature, among other parameters. 

~ Soma; 

~ Somnambulism;

~ Somnolence;

~ Somnulent;

~ Somnus;

~ Soporific;

~ Spina bifida;

~ Sporadic;

~ Squint; strabismus - in medical parlance deviated eye/eyes 

~ Sterile; infertile 

~ Stigma; a signal or mark generally negative 

~ Stocada - in Spanish a thrust of a sword from "estoque" (during duels the site where a sword may wound an opponent was relatively random).

~ Stochastics - "learned guess", from stokhos in Greek for "guess"; informally implying "random"; a statistical notion of a better definition of randomness in a particular scale, a process based on probability theory analysis of random variables in a defined probability space inclusive of time and sequence. Often a basis of mathematical models of random events. 

~ Strabismus; or heterotopia. In essence, it indicates that the axis of the ocular globes

   are not parleo or cannot converge (focus) on an object. In vernacular referred to as
   squint or deviated eye or eyes, see esotropia etc. 

   BONUS - to remember; adult oneset - occular nerve palsy (paralysis) 

~ Stress;

~ Stupid;

~ Stupor;

~ Suicide;

~ Sydney crease; proximal palmar flexion crease reaching the ulnar border 

~ Symmetry;

~ Symptom; perceived sensations by an individual capable of describing and transmitting
   them for a physician to interpret to what extend symptoms qualify as a sign (see sign)

~ Syn; root for together, joined, confluent as in symphony

~ Syndrome; concurrent characteristic consistent symptoms and signs

~ Synophris; convergent eyebrows  

~ Telorism; distance between paired structures, see hyper-telorism 

~ Teratogen; any environmental cause of developmental anomalies

~ Teratology; discipline concerned with teratogens (see above)

   BONUS - see further perspectives 

   BONUS - laws and principles 

~ Teratoma; a tumor composed of cells derived from each of the three embryonal
   layers (ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm), implies and independently growing
   a disorganized mass of cells that may be malignant in nature 

~ Teratos;

~ Teratothanasia; embryonal or fetal death due to fatal defects 

~ Thanatophoric;

~ Thelarche; onset of postnatal breast (mammary) development usually at puberty (in 
   Greek thele is nipple) 

~ Therapist;

~ Therapy;

~ Therm-;

~ Thermia;

~ Thyroid;

~ Tone;

~ Tongue; germanic word, in Medicine note GLOSSA and LINGUA incorporated into
   terms like MACROGLOSSIA or LINGUAL; tongue denotes a fleshy muscular oral organ
   (implying composed of a variety of tissues) necessary for tasting, licking, sucking,
   swallowing, and articulation of speech. 

~ Torticollis; implies torsion or twisted neck, related to tort, contort, torture, etc.

~ Torsion; see torture

~ Torture; methods to produce pain inducing contortions

~ Toxin; poison, a cause of death or illness, from organic or inorganic source, implies
   impacts from miniscule or modest doses (virtually all substances at high doses are toxic,
   including oxygen) 

~ Tragus;

~ Trichosis; pertaining hair, see hypo-hyper, alopecia 

~ Trisomy; three bodies, here denotes a chromosome in triplicate 

~ Troph-;

~ Tuberous sclerosis;

~ Tumor;

~ Tumorogenesis;

~ Twin dizygotic; two individuals gestated concurrently from two fertilized eggs

~ Twin monozygotic; one of two individuals from the same fertilized egg

~ Umbilicus; or navel, the center of an individual, in humans the attachment site of the
   placental cord, see navel

~ Usual; among the most frequent, customary, implies “normal”

~ Variant; "different", rare but within the 95% considered as "normal" 

~ Venal; prone to be corrupted, linked to venal, venereal, Venus

~ Venereal; pertaining to genesis, genitals, gene, points toward Venus, implies desire,
   reproductive organs, etc.   

~ Vermillion; red color, in medicine visible mucosa of lips 

~ Vermin;

~ Volar (skin); ridged skin (dermatoglyphic ridges), *see cutis, not implication in “volar” or
   “to fly in Spanish” – primates who “fly” between trees have areas of prehensible areas
   of the skin that are ridged (hands, feet, tails) – the study of patterns of ridged volar
   areas is the concern of the science of Dermatoglyphics 

~ X-linked; implies loci on the X chromosome 

~ Y-linked; implies loci on the Y chromosome 

~ Zygote, zygoma: yoked, sperm-egg conjugated

Comment continued: ... While etymology seeks to uncover linguistic roots of words, ideonomy seeks to illuminate clusters of ideas inherent in words. Perhaps a "play with words" such as "what is the idea in the notion of idea" may be a way for others to learn from you answer, what is "on you mind". 

What follows is an informal repository of brief definitions of medical terms with an emphasis on their inherent "ideas". More expansive presentations often are presented in the format "Word Ideas", as "Overviews", and other alternative styles. The access to these entries can be secured by a general search of the contents of Pandora Word Box by using particular key words. 

W. Wertelecki, M.D.