Dysmorphology Course
Carousel Series
ALK ALKALEMIA ALKALI ALKALOIDS - Morphine,
Codeine, Quinine, Atropine, Strychnine, ...
~ ALK         abbr for ALAKLI ALKALOID
~ ALKALEMIA   med> DECREASED CONCENTRATION OF 
^u                 HYDROGEN IONS IN BLOOD or
              opp of ACIDOSIS or ACIDEMIA
~ ALKALI      id+ | SUBSTANCE THAT NEUTRALIZES ACIDS |
              BASIC SUBSTANCE or opp of ACID
~ ALKALOID    id+ | ESSENCE or ASH OF BURNT or
                    INCINERATED KALI PLANTS |
  id+ | ASHES |
  id+ | POTASH |
  id+ | opp of ACID |
  id+ | COMPOUNDS THAT COMBINE AND
        NEUTRALIZE ACIDS FORMING SALTS | from 
  ukr   KALIY means POTASSIUM which is an ALKALI
  arab  ALKHALA     ALKALI
        AL-QALIY    POTASH
           QALIY    ASH FROM A PLANT
  sc>   ALKALI      SUBSTANCE THAT FORMS SOAP WHEN
                    MIXED WITH FATTY ACIDS
  hx>               SUBSTANCES THAT TURN RED LITMUS BLUE
  sc>   ALKALOID    NITROGENOUS BASIC or opp to ACID
                    SUBSTANCES FOUND IN PLANTS
  biol> ALKALOSIS   EXCESS OF BASIC or LACK OF ACID or
                    HYDROGEN IONS
  sc> biol> hx> LARGE GROUP OF ORGANIC BASES
                CONTAINING NITROGEN and
  FOUND IN SEED PLANTS
  ALKALI SUBSTANCES FORM SALTS WHEN
  EXPOSED TO ACIDS WHICH CONTAIN AT LEAST
  ONE RING WITH A NITROGEN MOLECULE
  eg PYRROLE  QUINOLINE  INDOLE
  MOST ARE BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE
  sug> MORPHINE  NICOTINE  CODEINE  ERGOT
  see> NICOTINE
  hx> LOVOISIER [#] PROPOSED OXYGEN AS
      THE ACIDIFYING ELEMENT and
  MORVEAU [#] PROPOSED HYDROGEN AS
  THE ALKALIFYING PRINCIPLE BUT
  SCIENTIFIC IDEAS EVOLVED FURTHER AND
  REFINED THIS HYPOTHESIS
  see> ALCOHOL
  see> ACID
  biol> originally derived from
        KALI PLANTS BURNT TO ASHES
  TO PRODUCE ALAKALINE or
  ALCALINE ASHES
  hx> ALCALINE COMPOUNDS FORM
      SOLUBLE SOAP IF MIXED WITH FATTY ACIDS etc
  sc> COMPOUNDS WITH HIGH pH thus opp of ACID SUBSTANCES
      note HYDROXYDES or CARBONATES of
  POTASSIUM  SODIUM and other ALKALINE SALTS or MINERALS
  ALCALOIDS form salts  notable are
  ATROPINE
  CAFFEINE
  MORPHINE
  CODEINE
  NICOTINE
  QUININE
  STRYCHNINE among many others
  see> NICOTINE

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