Dysmorphology Course
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STUTTER STUTTERER STUTTERING
~ STUTTER     id+ | BLEAT LIKE DISRUPTED SPEECH FLUENCY |
~ STUTTERER   start see> TART    sug> TORT
~ STUTTERING  id+ | verbal STUMBLE STAGGER |
^u ^s         etymology core points to
  ALTERED SPEECH FLOW and ARTICULATION or
  SPEECH DYSFLUENCY         see> DYS~ prefix
  sc> med> domain of MOGILALIA and BATTOLOGY
  id+ | repetitive sounds
        iii yyy sounds from ukr zaIIka |
        eee as in BLEAT
        aaa as in BA BA  BABBLE  BABY  |
  id+ | BLURTING BABBLE from fr |
  id+ | BURSTS as if in a BEAT as in BATON |
  id+ | as if a reaction to TART as in sp TARTAMUDO |
  id+ | HESITANT SPEECH from lat |
  med>  key elements include spastic repetitive bursts of
        I I I  E E E  TH TH TH  containing vocalizations and
  INTERRUPTING speech flow aggravated by
  STRESS and EMOTIONS making speech DIFFICULT
  note expansive etymology includes ideas in
       BLEAT  BABY  BABA  BABBLE
  NURSE  NOURISH  SUCK  MAMA  MAMMAL  AMMA  AMOR
  LOVE  LUST  LEWD
  gr    MOG              prefix for DIFFICULTY
  eng>  MOGUL            MAGNIFICENT  POWERFULL
                         perhaps inducing STUTTER
                         STAMMER STAGGER STUMBLE
  med>  MOGILALIA        LABORED SPEECH
  ukr   ZAIIKA           STUMMERER  echoic word
                         emphasis on III vocalizations
  eng   BLEAT            VOCAL BLURTS OF GOATS SHEEP
                         echoic word with emphasis on EEE
        BABBLE           echoic word with emphasis on AAA
                         pointing to BLURTS by
                         BABBLING BABIES and CHATTER
        BARBOTAR         STAMMER also GUTTURAL SOUND
  lat   BALBUS           for
  med>  HOMO BALBUS      STUTTERING PERSON
  sp    BALBUCEAR        BABBLE
        BALBOTAR         MUMBLE or MUTTER
  it    BALBETARE        STUTTER
  rus   BOLTAT           CHATTER
  eng   BLATHER          BLABBERING NONSENSE
  lat   BLATERARE        BABBLE
        BLATERO          CHATTER
  eng   BLEAT            points to echoic EEEE IIII and
  rus   BLEEEANIYE       STUTTERING  also EEE echoic
  eng   BLEAT            from
  fr    BELER            and
        BEGAY            same
        BELETER          or
        BELEMENT         or
        BEGAYER          or
                                        BEGUETER         or
        BEGUE            TO STAMMER
        BEGUETER         TO BLEAT
        BEGUINE          VERY DEVOUT WOMEN who often
                         MUMBLED or MUTTERED PRAYERS
  sp    BALADAR          CRY OUT  BLEATING ANIMAL
                         implies SPEECH IN SHORT BURSTS
        BALAR            TO BLEAT    also
                         TO CRAVE
  mus>  BALADA           sp for BALADE
                         implies SEGMENTED SONG
  sp    BALDAR           TO OBSTRUCT  TO CRIPPLE
        BALDADURA        PHYSICAL DISABILITY
  sp    BALBUCENCIA      BABBLE
  lat   BALBUTIES        STUTTERING
        BALBUTIO         same
  it    BALBUZIE         STUTTERING  see BABBLE above
  lat   BAMBALIO         TO STUTTER note
  it    BALBETTARE       points to
        BAMBINO          BABY or an INFANT
  eng   BABE             from BALBUS
  lat   BALBUTIES        or
  sp    BALBUCEAR        or
  eng   BABBLE           babies BLURT or BLAB point to
  hx>   BALDWIN          surname from BALBUS BATTOS pointing to
                         BABBLE  STUMMERING
  note                   extension toward
  sp    BEBE             BABY
        BEBER            TO DRINK
        BABA             SPITTLE  ORAL MUCUS  SLUG
        BABERO           CHIN CLOTH or
  eng   BIB              as per above
  med>  BATTOLOGY        STUDY OF USELESS REPETITIONS as in
                         STUTTERING
  myth> BATTUS           MYTHIC SHEPHERD
  hx>   BATTOS           STUTTERING KING
  note  BARBARIC         related to BABBLE BABY
  note  MOTHER           extension from BABY see> MATRIX
  sp    MAMAR            SUCKLE  SUCK THE NIPPLE
        MAMA             MAMMAL MOTHER
         AMAR            TO LOVE
         AMOR            LOVE  points to
  sp   AMAMANTAR         NURSE  BREAST FEED  SUCKLE MILK or
  note                   extension toward LACTIC
  med>  LACTO            root for MILK and LOVE
  sp    LECHE            MILK
  eng   LECHEROUS        or
        LEWD             EROTIC
  note                   related vistas from
                         see> AMMA AMOR and NURSE SUCK toward
                         OREGO OREXIA for
                         ORAL and APPETITE as DESIRE TO EAT
                         LIP LICK SUCK
                         GALACTIC LACTIC LECHEROUS LEWD as per
   vern>                 sp MAMAR      SUCK including FELLATIO
                            GUSTAR     TASTE pointing to
                            GUT        and to links with
                                       DESIRE LIKE and LOVE
                            PECHO      CHEST
                            PEZON      NIPPLE
                            PENE       PENIS
  med>                   CUM LINGUAE HESITATIONE for
                         HESITANT SPEECH or
                         LINGUA HESITANS for
                         STUTTERING or STAGGERING SPEECH
  lat  HESITANTIA        HESITATION
       TITUBO            or
       TITUBANS          STUMBLE FUMBLE GROPE
  sp   TITUBEAR          TO STAMMER  STAGGER thus
                         DELAY  FALTER
  lat    TUNDERE         SPEAKING IN BURSTS as in a BEAT
  eng   STAMMER          or
        STUTTER          INVOLUNTARY STOPS and REPETITIONS as per
        STAGGER          STUMBLE  GET STUCK as in
  lith  STUMTI           to PUSH as in old
  eng   STUMBLE          TRIP  FAIL  FLOP
  ger   STOZAN           to THRUST
  sp    TARTAMUDO        STUTTERER combining
        TART             ACERBIC PUNGENT SENSATION
             MUDO        MUTE or MUTING or HALTING SPEECH
  vern>  also            WOMEN of CHARM or of IMPACT
  Slovak KOKTAT          STUTTER
  pol    JAKOC           echoic stress on IIIakoc
  med>   BATTOLOGY       discipline dedicated to
                         SPEECH DYSFLUENCIES
  myth>  BATTUS          A SHEPPARD WHO SWORE NOT TO REVEAL
                         HOW HERMES STOLE THE CATTLE OF APOLLO
                         HE BETRAYED HERMES WHO TRANSFORMED HIM
                         INTO A CREATURE AS "SILENT AS A STONE"
  lit+ maxim>            source of "TELL TALE"
                         see> BATTUS
  myth> LEGENDS SPEAK OF A KING BATTOS WHO WAS A STUTTERER
  hx>   KING BATTOS I [#] WAS A STAMMERER MENTIONED BY
        HEREDOTUS AS SOMEONE WHO SOUGHT HELP FROM
        THE DELPHIAN ORACLE
  hx>  DEMOSTHENES [#] HAD A SPEECH IMPEDIMENT HE TREATED
       BY PLACING PEBBLES IN HIS MOUTH
  hx>  BABLUS for STAMMERER was the
       NAME OF MANY PROMINENT ROMAN FAMILIES including
  Manius Acilius BALBUS [#] who was a Roman Consul in 150 BC
  another BALBUS was Consul in 114 BC
  T Ampius BALBUS supported POMPEY [#] and later Julius CAESAR
  Atia BALBA CAESONIA was the mother of CAESAR AUGUSTUS [#]
  hx>  EMPEROR CLAUDIUS [#] or CLODIUS STUTTERED and had
       "EXPLOSIVE" "HALTING" SPEECH and DROOLED
  HE HAD A TENDENCY FOR FITS OF ANGER which exaggerated his
  INVOLUNTARY MUSCLE SPASMS OF FACE and NECK MUSCLES and his
  ABNORMAL GAIT all probably due to CEREBRAL PALSY or CP
  some report that he may have exaggerated his disabilities
  as a strategy from being seen as a political threat thus
  avoided BEING MURDERED and suvived to BECOME EMPEROR
  EMPEROR CLAUDIUS [#] IS A REMINDER THAT THE MAJORITY OF
  CP PATIENTS AND MOST STUTTERERS HAVE NORMAL INTELLIGENCE
  note that the Roman historian SUETONIUS [#]
  PROPAGATED STORIES OF THE "IMBECILLITAS" or
  IMBECILITY OF CLAUDIUS which serves as an example how
  CP PATIENTS IN PARTICULAR THOSE WITH SPEECH DYSFLUENCE
  OFTEN ARE WRONGLY CONSIDERED AS MENTALLY RETARDED
  hx> THE LIST OF FAMOUS PERSONS WHO STUTTERED IS VAST AND
      INCLUDES ARISTOTLE [#]  MOSES [#]  Charles DARWIN [#]
  Winston CHURCHILL [#] among others
  med> NON SYNDROMIC STUTTERING EMERGES MOSTLY BEFORE
       SCHOOL AGE AND IS MORE PREVALENT AMONG BOYS
  STUTTERING IS OFTEN FAMILIAL AND MAY BE INHERITED
  IN AN AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT PATTERN
  DIVERSE ETHNIC GROUPS HAVE DIVERSE STUTTERING RATES
  STUTTERING IS PRACTICALLY NEVER SEEN AMONG AMERINDIANS
  STUTTERING IS ASSOCIATED WITH EXCESSIVE SPASTIC TENSION OF
  FACIAL NECK AND OTHER MUSCLES
  SYNDROMIC STUTTERING is quite common in
  CP or CEREBRAL PALSY MANIFESTED AS
  DYSARTHRIA or an disability to generate
  G or GH sounds in particular and a
  HYPERNASAL SPEECH
  med> EARLY INTERVENTION AND THERAPY ARE MOST IMPORTANT
       FOR HELPING STUTTERING CHILDREN
  sug> CP  sug> ACERBIC  sug> TART  sug> MOGUL        

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