Dysmorphology Course
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"The Mongol in our Midst" (see related A | B | C | D)

Perhaps intentionally, this "Buddha-like" image of a person with Down syndrome I selected with the intent to imply that "Mongol" people are less mentally gifted than the "white" or "Caucasian" ethnic populations - at the time a racist prevalent view. Until relatively recent it was very common to refer to Down syndrome as "mongolism". Another common error is to call such individuals as suffering from "trisomy 21", unless a chromosomal analysis was performed. Another strange name for Down syndrome was "purpuraceous idiocy", probably because such individuals very often have mottled skin (cutis marmorata) associated with purple-like coloring of such areas. 

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