Dysmorphology Course
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"Kaiser Maximillians I (the founder of the Hapsburg House)" (see details A | B | C | D) (see related A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | A1 | B1 | C1 | D1 | E1 | F1 | G1 | H1 | I1 | J1 | K1 | L1 | M1 | N1 | O1 | P1 | Q1 | R1 | S1 | T1 | U1 | V1 | W1 | X1 | Y1 | Z1 | A2 | B2 | C2 | D2 | E2 | F2 | G2 | H2), 1515 Bernhard Strigel (1460-1528) Kunshistorishes Museum, Vienna, Austria

NOTE - This is the central or root image showing links connecting all posted pages concerned with the Habsburg face or facies, generally known as Habsburg Jaw. Personally, I prefer the rubric Habsburg syndrome and in the interest of brevity the acronym H+. 

In this image is presented Maximillian I (the first Habsburg ruler who demonstrates H+) - the concurrence of a prominent lower lip, overgrowth of the jaw or mandible, and associated underbite or prognathism are the central but not the only signs of H+. Other images illustrate underdevelopment of the malar and maxillary bones (flat mid-face), an overgrowth of the "spine" of the cartilaginous nose with a prominence (hump) at the junction of the osseous, and cartilaginous nose but no overgrowth of the tip or alae nasi. The spouse of Maximillian I, Mary of Burgundy (1457-1482) had none of the H+ signs (she is shown on the right edge of this image). She became the mother of Fernando el "Hermoso", who did not manifest H+ signs either. Fernando is standing next to his mother and his face has no signs of H+. Historians assert that Fernando with Juana de Castilla engendered six surviving children, three with H+ features and one of these three became Carlos or Charles I. Among three younger boys shown, at the center is Carlos I and his facies shows typical H+ signs. In view that neither Juana nor Felipe had signs of H+, I find the paternity of Carlos I in question. This mystery is elaborated upon in a module posted on the companion web-site Clinical Eye Openers (CEO) - search for "A Real Game of Thrones - On How the Habsburg Court Seized Spain".  

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